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Wool in India
In India, Sheep reaning, spinning and weaving of wool was a part of 'Arya Life'. The weaving and bleaching of wool is attributed to 'God Pasham' who was God of shepherds and wool is regarded as ceremonially pure for performing religious functions, used as a rug for prayers and traditional Wool 'Asan' is still used for Puja.
The ancient civilization of the Indus Valley revealed that our ancestors were well versed in the art of wool weaving, spinning, felting and tailoring.
During Muslim period, India was famous for fine Kashmir Woolen fabrics. In early British days, some attention was paid to Pashmina Shawls from Kashmir and Punjab etc. and stray attempts were made to improve indigenous sheep by crossing with imported breeds.
After achievement of Independence, development programmes have been formulated under successive Five Year Plans for Sheep and wool development in the country.
India has been famous for shawls and carpets which were exported in large numbers to European countries during the medieval period. These were greatly appreciated and highly prized for their fine texture and excellent workmanship. Apart form costly luxury articles, a variety of other woollen goods such as blankets, lohis, patties, tweeds etc. also used to be prepared from indigenous wool for everyday use.
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